Dyspraxia

Dyspraxia

What Is Dyspraxia?

  • Dyspraxia is a neurologically based developmental disability which is present from birth
  • Dyspraxia is a motor planning disorder, not a muscular deficit. A child knows what they want their body to do but can’t get their body to do it.
  • There are three (3) types of Developmental Dyspraxia – Oral, Verbal and Motor.
  • A child with Dyspraxia can have one or a combination of all three types of Dyspraxia and in varying degrees of severity
  • Dyspraxia is a hidden handicap. Children with this disability appear the same as any other child. It is only when a skill is performed that the disability is noticeable.
  • Dyspraxia is believed to be an immaturity of parts of the motor cortex (area of the brain) that prevents messages from being properly transmitted to the body.
  • Dyspraxia affects up to 10% of the population with approximately 70% of those affected being boys.
  • Dyspraxia does not impact on intelligence, children with Dyspraxia have average or above average intelligence
  • Dyspraxia can impact on behaviour and social skills
  • Dyspraxia is a specific learning disability

What is Oral Dyspraxia?

Oral dyspraxia is a difficulty with planning and executing non-speech sounds, such as blowing, sucking or individual tongue/lip movements. This may indirectly affect speech and/or swallowing skills. A child with Oral Dyspraxia may dribble profusely, have difficulty licking an ice-cream and may have a preference for either soft or hard textured foods.

What is Verbal Dyspraxia?

Verbal Dyspraxia is a speech disorder that affects the programming, sequencing and initiating of movements required to make speech sounds.

Children with Verbal Dyspraxia may:

  • Display highly unintelligible speech
  • Simplify words eg. “bur“ for “burger
  • Have inconsistent speech patterns
  • Move sounds in a word eg. “tobe“ for “boat“
  • Exhibit “lost“ or searching movements of the tongue and lips as they endeavour to find the position to make a sound
  • Have delayed expressive language
  • Adopt a complex gesture system to aid communication skills
  • Have difficulty with sequencing words, and sounds in words eg. “Pataka“

What is Motor Dyspraxia?

Motor Dyspraxia is a difficulty in planning, sequencing and then executing the correct movement to perform age appropriate skills in a smooth and coordinated manner at will or on command.

Children with Motor Dyspraxia may have difficulty with:

  • Learning a new skill
  • Coordinated movement
  • Handwriting
  • Consistent performance
  • Age appropriate skills
  • Generalising learnt skills
  • Timing and rhythm
  • Learning rules
  • Responding quickly
  • Spatial organisation
  • Problem solving
  • Using appropriate cues
  • Analysing what is needed for task performance
  • Preparing for the next stage in task performance

Depending on the dyslexia diagnostic assessment and the severity of the disability one or more of the following programs may be recommended:

About Us

Our aim is to provide quality educational assistance to students in a rural situation in the South East of South Australia

Contact Us

08 8762 3789

carol@kl3.com.au

PO Box 1176

5 Pinkerton Rd

NARACOORTE SA 5271